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Mikis Theodorakis
1925 - 2021
Picture Picture
M. Theodorakis
Mikis Theodorakis (29/07/1925 - 02/09/2021), a Greek composer, born in Chios.
Neruda requiem aeternam
Composed in:1981
Musical form:oratorium
Text/libretto:Pablo Neruda
In memory of:Pablo Neruda; oratorium dedicated to Yiannis Didilis
Label(s):Edel Classics 0002802CCC
'Neruda requiem aeternam' is part 8 from the Canto general, a oratorio for soloists, choir and orchestra. The 8 texts are poems by Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), written to honour this communist Chilean poet; the oratorium as a whole is dedicated to Yiannis Didilis, a pianist, and friend and businesspartner of Theodorakis.
Author:Herman Ram
Source:booklet of cd Edel Classics 0002802CCC
Pablo Neruda
(text & dedicatee)
Composed in:1984
Musical form:Orthodox litany
Text/libretto:John of Damascus
In memory of:Ourania, & Nikolas, Michail, Christos, Leonidas
Label(s):Intuition INT 3292.2
Soundwings 109.3087-2
Panychida (ca. 740) is an Old-Syrian chant by John of Damascus (c.670 - 749); the seventh chant written by St. Ephraim of Syria (306 - 373). Mikis Theodorakis based his Requiem on this text.
01. Evlogitos o Theos
02. Evlogitos ei Kyrie
03. Doxa - To Trilampes
04. Pia tou Biou Tryfi
05. Oimoi, Oion Agona
06. Pou Estin i tou Kosmou
07. Emnisthin Tou Profitou
08. Kat' Eikona Sin kai Omoiosin
09. Doxa Patri
10. Makarioi
11. Exelthomen
12. Amin

♫ 01. Evlogitos o Theos
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 02. Evlogitos ei Kyrie
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 03. Doxa - To Trilampes
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 04. Pia tou Biou Tryfi
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 05. Oimoi, Oion Agona
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 06. Pou Estin i tou Kosmou
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 07. Emnisthin Tou Profitou
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 08. Kat' Eikona Sin kai Omoiosin
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 09. Doxa Patri
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 10. Makarioi
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 11. Exelthomen
Intuition INT 32922

♫ 12. Amin
Intuition INT 32922
In memoriam Ourania, & Nikolas, Michail, Christos, Leonidas. Theodorakis' requiem is based on the lyrics of John of Damascus for mezzo, soprano, basso, tenoro, choir, children's choir and symphony orchestra. Insofar as Theodorakis has always sought to express a profound humanitarianism, whether philosophical or political, through his music, it makes perfect sense that he would at some point (1984, as a matter of fact) turn his attention to the liturgy surrounding the ultimate philosophical and political solution, death. His text is by the 6th Century John of Damascus, and this is, and sounds like, an Orthodox litany, having little to do with the Catholic Mass (though in his use of soprano soloist and boychoir, Theodorakis departs from Orthodox musical practice). Orthodox church modes and polyphony are very much in evidence; in other respects the music is typical of the composer: big, richly scored romantic textures and tonal harmony, with emphasis on directness of emotional appeal and no concern for sounding fashionably "modern" whatsoever.
After Kassiani (1942) and Holy Mass (1982), I composed last year the Requiem (1984). The musical language that I used for this work is completely different from the one used for the two previous ones. I believed that the introduction of the female voice - as a soloist - and the sound of the children's choir were necessary. The contrast of the young voices, as an aggressive presence of life towards death helps us to pass over the vise of an inevitable phenomenon. The text belongs to John Damaskinos. It is one of the most important intellectual, philosophical and poetic achievements and helps us to find the real dimensions in the world order of the things. It invites us to delve into ourselves in order to find "the light that burns" and the real and deep meaning of the human being. I dedicate this symphony to the dead of the battle of Kalavrita.
Author:Mikis Theodorakis
John of Damascus