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Ståle Kleiberg
1958 -
Norway
Picture
S. Kleiberg
Ståle Kleiberg (08/03/1958), a Norwegian composer, born in Stavanger. He graduated from the University of Oslo with a degree in musicology and later from the Norwegian State Academy of Music with a diploma degree in composition. In addition Kleiberg has studied in England. His output ranges from chamber music to works for full orchestra; a number of these are the result of commissions from leading orchestras and ensembles. In 1999 Kleiberg was awarded the Fartein Valen Prize, and was composer-in-residence during the Valen Days the following year.
Kleiberg's works are often to be found on concert programmes. His 'Dopo' for cello and string orchestra was included on the TrondheimSoloist's recent tour of England. In the British journal 'Tempo' this work is described as having '...made a deep and lasting impression' and that 'Kleiberg weaves an angry expressionistic line of immense power and virtuosity'.
Requiem – for victims of Nazi persecution
Period:21st century
Composed in:2004
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass + English texts by Edwin Morgan
Duration:ca.50'
In memory of:the victims of Nazi persecution
Label(s):Simax Classics PSC 1257
This requiem contains:
- Requiem aeternam
- Die irae
- The yellow triangle: Jews
- Kyrie
- The brown triangle: Gypsies
- Agnus Dei
- The pink triangle: homosexuals
- psalm 13
- Libera me
- In paradisum
Duration: ca. 50'
Source:http://www.simax.musiconline.no
Contributor:Arye Kendi
Requiem – for victims of Nazi persecution is a central work in Kleiberg's production. In addition to the parts from the Latin Mass, new texts by the Scottish poet and play writer Edwin George Morgan (27/04/1920) are included. Requiem – for victims of Nazi persecution is the main work in a trilogy on the same theme. The trilogy also includes the orchestral work Lamento: Cissi Klein in memoriam and Dopo.
On 9/11 2004 the Requiem for the victims of Nazi persecution was performed in the Washington National Cathedral for the first time in the US, and broadcast across the nation. The Norwegian composer Ståle Kleiberg is the man behind the music performed in memory of the terror tragedy in 2001.
The work was commissioned by the Nidaros Cathedral in 2001. Written for 3 vocal soloists, choir and orchestra the work stands well in the tradition for a Missa di requiem - a mass for the dead. Norwegian composer Ståle Kleiberg has written it in memory of all those who were victims because of their ethnic origin or sexual orientation during the Nazi-regime of the last century. After hearing the world premiere conductor Michael McCarthy was so moved by this music that he wanted to perform the piece with his own choir of the Washington National Cathedral. One thing led to another, and Saturday September 11th 2004 the Requiem is being released on SACD/CD and performed in the Washington National Cathedral - in memory of victims of terror all over the world.
Inspired by Britten's War requiem, Kleiberg has included newly written texts along side with the traditional mass texts. Three new texts written by Scotland's poet laureate Edwin Morgan are short stories told by representatives from three of the persecuted groups: Jews, gipsys and homosexuals - each group given voice by a soloist. These three movements are inserted between movements where the choir has the leading part based on the original Latin texts of the requiem mass. In this way the Latin choral parts are comments on the individual stories from the soloists, so that the focus is widened from the suffering of individuals to the affliction of mankind.
Together with Kleiberg's cello concerto Dopo and the orchestral piece Lamento, Cissi Klein in Memoriam, the Requiem forms a trilogy of pieces where the composer deals with the atrocities man is capable of inflicting on his fellow human beings. In Kleiberg's own words: “The memory of the Holocaust was kept alive while I was growing up, and when the term ethnic cleansing surfaced again in Europe during the Balkan conflict in the early -90s, I was deeply shocked. The crossroads of past and present resulted in these three works.”
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E.G. Morgan
(text)