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Johann Joseph Fux
1660 - 1741
Austria
Picture Picture
J.J. Fux
Johann Joseph Fux (1660 - 13/02/1741), an Austrian organist and composer, born in Hirtenfeld (St. Marein).
Source:Grove's dictionary of music and musicians
Requiem
Period:Baroque
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
The Austrian composer Fux wrote the requiem masses K55 (1697) and K51/53 (1720) and at least ten more.
Source:http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/f/fux_j_j.shtml
Contributor:Tassos Dimitriadis
Missa pro defunctis
Period:Baroque
Musical form:fragment
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:7'18
Label(s):CPO 999 850-2
Graduale in Missa pro defunctis (K.146) for 4 Voices (SATB).
Requiem in F major K55
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1697
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
In memory of:archduchess Eleonora Maria, wife of Emperor Charles Leopold of Lorraine
In comparison with the Emperor's requiem this requiem (K 55) pales in range and demand. A copy of the work kept in Berlin contains the note that it was composed for the funeral in 1697 of the archduchess Eleonora, the widowed Queen of Poland and Duchess of Lothringen. In contrast to the Emperor's requiem this work is not to be found in the Viennese Hofmusikkapelle and posterity is therefore lacking the cover of the music which could shed light on further performance dates. One thing is certain, that from the mid-eighteenth century, when the principles for the composition of church music gradually began to change, the requiem works of Fux were no longer heard. It was not until they attracted the interest of musical historians in the nineteenth century that they gained importance, not of course in their original liturgical function but within a restorative and historical context. In this context too Raphael George Kiesewetter, a music historiographer and music collector, owned the original manuscripts of both requiems (K55 and K51/53) and the journalist Friedrich Rochlitz included the "Offertorium" from the 'smaller' requiem (K55) for his Collection of excellent Pieces for voices (Mainz, ca. 1835).
Author:Thomas Hochradner
Picture
archduchess Eleonora
Maria (dedicatee)
Kaiserrequiem K51/53
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1720
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:ca.42'
In memory of:Empress Eleonore Magdalena, third wife of Emperor Leopold I
Label(s):Arte Nova 74321-27777
The so-called Emperor's requiem (K 51 - 53) was composed by the Emperor's court Kapellmeister Fux on the occasion of the funeral rites of the Emperor's widow (the widow of Emperor Leopold I) which took place on 5th March 1720 in Vienna: Eleonore Magdalena (06/01/1655 in Dusseldorf - 19/01/1720 in Vienna), Empress, third wife of Emperor Leopold I.
Fux employes in this requiem an instrumentation in the contemporary term "stylus mixtus"- a group of instruments which excludes trumpets and timpani and the ceremonial aura they bring; he adapts his compositional style to the solemn occasion by limiting the orchestral writing and excluding lengthy orchestral passages. From the remarks on the cover of the instrumental parts to this requiem (which are in the possession of the Viennes Hofmusikkapelle) it can be seen that the work was further heard on 28th april 1729 at the requiem mass for Leopold Joseph of Lotheringen, the father of the later Emperor Franz I, on 12th July 1736 for Prince Eugen of Savoyen (a sign of the especial esteem in which the Prince was held) and on 16th November 1740 for Emperor Karl VI. According to the tradition in those days it was possible to offer on less important occasions not a complete performance of a requiem but a compilation of individual movements from varied works. The Emperor's requiem was for instance further performed in full on All Saint's Day in 1731, 1735, 1737, 1739, but in 1736 only in part. The first two movements were played on 10th October 1741 by the court orchestra to commemorate the death of Emperor Karl VI. The final performance noted on the cover inexplicably also in part took place for reasons still unknown on 13th August 1743.
Author:Thomas Hochradner
Picture
Empress Eleonore
Magdalena (dedicatee)