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Charles Edward Ives
1874 - 1954
United States of America, CT
Picture Picture
C.E. Ives
Charles Ives (20/10/1874 - 19/05/1954), an American composer, from Danbury. He pursued what is perhaps one of the most extraordinary and paradoxical careers in American music history. Businessman by day and composer by night, Ives's vast output has gradually brought him recognition as the most original and significant American composer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Inspired by transcendentalist philosophy, Ives sought a highly personalized musical expression through the most innovative and radical technical means possible. A fascination with bi-tonal forms, polyrhythms, and quotation was nurtured by his father who Ives would later acknowledge as the primary creative influence on his musical style. Studies at Yale with Horatio Parker guided an expert control overlarge-scale forms.
Requiem S. 333
Period:Expressionism
Composed in:1911
Musical form:song
Text/libretto:Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894)
Duration:ca.3'
Label(s):AHK 3422
Folkways FM-3344
Song (K. 6B48) for voice & piano. Lyrics by Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894), an American poet.
Appropriately it was Stevenson's own short poem, ‘Requiem’ (1880, from an 1887 collection), that was written on his tomb:
Under the wide and starry sky,
Dig the grave and let me lie...
Author:Richard Dury
Source:www.amazon.com
Song for piano and soprano: med voice (d-flat1-f-sharp2). Duration: 3 min., 28 mm. (Allegro moderato) . First published in his collection of poems, Underwoods (London: Chatto and Windus, 1887), p. 43.
Composed in Nov 1911, according to Ives. An annotation in S2, "118 Waverly Pl. NY. Nov. 1911," lists Ives's residence from 20 Nov 1911 to 15 Apr 1912. Dated Nov 1911 in Eighteen [recte 19] Songs. AG: Nov 1911.
First documented performance: Paris, France, 5 Mar 1936, Victor Prahl (voice type not given) and Olivier Messiaen (pf), in a concert of American music (the "3me Concert de la Spirale") given at the Salle des Concerts de la Schola Cantorum. Also performed, all apparently for the first time, were The Innate, Majority, Paracelsus, and Resolution. (Photostat repro of a concert announcement or program in the CIP: VII/Box 50/4.)
The text of "Requiem" by Stevenson:

Requiem

Under the wide and starry sky,
Dig the grave and let me lie.
Glad did I live and gladly die,
And I laid me down with a will.

This be the verse you grave for me:
Here he lies where he longed to be;
Home is the sailor, home from sea,
And the hunter home from the hill.


The text of this poem has been used by Sidney Homer, Charles Ives, Ned Rorem, Ernest Whyte, Jonathan Lovenstein, Edward Bell, David Bedford and Luke Zaccaro.
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R.L. Stevenson (text)