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Franz Paul Lachner
1803 - 1890
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F.P. Lachner
Franz Lachner (02/04/1803 - 20/01/1890), a German composer, born in Rain am Lech (Bavaria). He was a member of a large family, many of whom attained distinction as musicians. Franz was well educated in other things besides music, but music was the study which interested him most. He went to Vienna in 1822, and studied under Stadler and Sechter, at the same time becoming very intimate with Schubert. He became capellmeister of the Karthnerther Theatre, and held this post until 1834. Lachner eventually left Vienna for Mannheim, and later for Munich, where in course of time he became conductor of the Court Opera. He also conducted the sacred concerts of the Court Band, and the concerts of the Musical Academy at Munich, and Musical festivals at Munich and Aiz-la-Chappelle. All this time he was a prolific composer, and produced many works of importance.
His works include eight symphonies, two oratorios, four operas, various cantatas, a requiem, orchestral suites, songs, choruses and many other works of different kinds. He was a musician of the "old school", very thorough, scholarly and apparently tireless. Had his music possessed the "divine fire" he would have been one of the greatest musicians of all time. As it is, however, he is chiefly remembered as one of those who have made clear and open the paths blazed by the pioneers of musical thought.
Requiem in F minor
Composed in:1856
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
In memory of:Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Label(s):Carus 83.178
Lachner was a thoroughly competent composer, using a musical language based on a solid classical technique. He was a prolific and craftsmanlike composer, he was strongly influenced mainly by Ludwig van Beethoven and Schubert. The opera Catarina Cornaro (1841), the seventh orchestral suite (1881) and the Requiem opus 146 had particular success.
This Requiem is for Soli SSATB, Coro SATB, 2 Ob, 2 Clt, 2 Fg, 2 Cor, 2 Tr, 3 Trb, Timp, 2 Vl, Va, Vc, Cb.
In 1856, the year in which Mozart's one-hundredth birthday was elaborately celebrated, Franz Lachner composed the Requiem in F minor op. 146. It became his most well-known and most important work. Lachner's intensive study of Mozart's music on the occasion of the commemorative year lends credence to that fact that it was not inspired by a personal loss, such as a death in the family or among his friends. Although closer examination proves that his music differed essentially from Mozart's, Lachner's work shows a clear expression of his admiration for him. The parallels between the two Requiems range from the characteristics of the organization of the text and the formal structure, to the similar treatment of individual sections, themes and motives.
This Requiem contains:
1. Introitus - Kyrie. Requiem
2. Introitus - Kyrie. Kyrie
3. Sequenz. Dies irae
4. Sequenz. Recordare
5. Sequenz. Confutatis
6. Sequenz. Lacrimosa
7. Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe
8. Offertorium. Quam olim Abrahae
9. Offertorium. Hostias
10. Offertorium. Quam olim Abrahae
11. Sanctus. Sanctus
12. Sanctus. Benedictus
13. Agnus Dei. Agnus Dei
14. Communio. Lux aeterna
Source:booklet of cd Carus 83.178
Contributor:Pentti Ruokonen
W.A. Mozart