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Franz Liszt
1811 - 1886
Hungary
Picture Picture
F. Liszt
Franz (Ferencz) Liszt (22/10/1811 - 31/07/1886), a Hungarian (born in Raiding, Hungary, now Austria) composer and greatest pianist of his time. He had a large influence on the development of music in the 19th century. Teacher of Conrad Ansorge (1862 - 1930).
Source:Grove's dictionary of music and musicians
Requiem in D minor R. 488
Period:Romanticism
Composed in:1868
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
In memory of:Frédéric Chopin and the composer's mother (?)
Label(s):Adès 14.159-2
Hungaroton HCD 11267-2
A requiem, originaly dated 1867/1868, in which soloists and chorus are accompanied by organ and optional brass.
Author:Steven Chang-Lin Yu
The "Libera me" was added in 1871. He composed it for male voices, problably because women were forbidden to sing from behind the altar. The mood is set straight away in the "Introit": peace and rest are expressed with great depth of emotion. Each verse of the "Dies Irae" has a different character, sometimes tragic, sometimes beseeching. Liszt shows a preference for the verses "Recordare" and "Qui Mariam absolvisti". The Sequence, dating from the 13th century, ends with the "Pie Jesu" in a mood of angelic sweetness. The "Offertory, Domine Jesu Christi" consists of the three highly contrasted sections indicated by the text. After the "Sanctus" each utterance of the "Agnus Dei" is given by the baritone soloist to which the chorus replies. Of considerable vocal intensity, the conclusion of the "Lux Aeterna" prefigures Fauré. Finally, the "Libera me" (song of absolution) is treated like a prayer which develops over tragic organ chords, inspired by the apocalyptic character of the "Dies Ira" The work ends with the serene calm of eternal peace.
This impressive mass of the dead was sung in Rome on 12th March 1887 at the funeral of princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein (whom he dearly wished to marry).
Author:Louis Kalck, translation: Charles Whitfiew
This requiem was written in memory of Frédéric Chopin (1810 - 1849), the composer's friend who died 20 years before he composed this requiem.
Picture
F. Chopin
(dedicatee)