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José Mauricio Nunes Garcia
1767 - 1830
Brazil
Picture
J.M. Nunes Garcia
José Nunes Garcia (22/09/1767 - 18/04/1830), a Brazilian composer.
Author:Steven Chang-Lin Yu
José Nunes Garcia wrote 12 works and pieces of funeral music. His most famous work is the Missa de requiem of 1816.
Libera me
Period:Classicism
Composed in:1799
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
Missa de requiem
Period:Classicism
Composed in:1799
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
This requiem contains:
- Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
- Dies irae
- Sanctus
- Lux aeternam luceat eis
- Requiem aeternam dona eis domine
Ofício dos defuntos
Period:Classicism
Composed in:1799
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:daily prayers, psalms, hymns, lectures, etc.
This officium contains:
- Regem cui omnia vivunt
- Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
- Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
- Domine quando veneris judicare terram
- Memento mei Deus
- Hei mihi Domine quia peccavis
- Quem dicunt homines
- Peccantem me quotidiae
- Domine secundum actum meum
- Libera me Domine de morte aeterna
- Kyrie-Requiescat in pace
- Missa de requiem (see 1799)
Ofício dos defuntos
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:daily prayers, psalms, hymns, lectures, etc.
This officium contains:
- Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
- Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
- Domine quando veneris judicare terram
- Memento mei Deus
- Hei mihi Domine quia peccavis
- Ne recorderis peccata mea
- Peccantem me quotidiae
- Domine secundum actum meum
- Libera me Domine de morte aeterna
Regem cui omnia vivunt
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
Libera me in G minor
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
It contains:
- Libera me Domine
- Dies illa, Dies irae
- Kyrie-Requiescat in pace
Memento mei Deus
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
It contains:
- Memento mei Deus
- De profundis clamavi
- Kyrie-Requiescat in pace
Missa de requiem in F major
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
This requiem contains:
- Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
- Kyrie
- Dies irae, Dies illa
- Sanctus
- Agnus Dei
- Lux aeterna luceat eis Domine
Ofício fúnebre a 8 vozes
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:daily prayers, psalms, hymns, lectures, etc.
This Funeral office for 8 voices, contains:
- Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
- Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
- Dominum quando veneris
- Memento mei Deus
- Hei mihi Domine
- Ne recorderis peccata mea
- Peccantem me quotidiae
- Domine secundum actum meum
- Libera me Domine
- Tremens factus sum ego
- Kyrie
Responsórios fúnebres
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:responsory
Text/libretto:Latin
This Funeral responsories contains:
- Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
- Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
- Dominum quando veneris
- Memento mei Deus
- Hei mihi Domine
- Ne recorderis peccata mea
- Peccantem me quotidiae
- Domine secundum actum meum
- Libera me Domine
Missa de requiem
Period:Early Romanticism
Composed in:1809
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
This requiem contains:
- Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
- Kyrie
- Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
- Domine Jesu Christe
- Quam olim Abrahae
- Hostias et preces
- Sanctus
- Agnus Dei
Missa de requiem
Period:Early Romanticism
Composed in:1816
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:36'23''
In memory of:King João IV's mother and probably the composer's mother
Label(s):Listen: Youtube
Paulus
Columbia (LP)
This requiem contains:
- Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
- Kyrie
- Dies irae
- Ingemisco tamquam reus
- Domine Jesu Christe
- Sanctus
- Benedictus
- Agnus Dei
- Lux aeterna
In 1816 the Brazilian composer José Maurício Nunes Garcia completed his imposing fourth (and last) requiem; it is widely regarded as his finest work.
Author:Steven Chang-Lin Yu
The Requiem, composed in 1816 at the request of King João IV, was intended as a memorial for João's recently deceased mother, queen Maria I, but Garcia probably also considered it a requiem for his own mother, Vitória Maria da Cruz, who had also died that year. The Requiem is in d minor, the same key as Mozart's Requiem, and is reminiscent of that work in several passages. As a whole, however, Garcia's Requiem is a unique masterpiece.
In March 20th died coincidently the portuguese queen, Dona Maria the first, and Vitória Maria, José Mauricio Nunes Garcia's mother. The queen's death, in the Convent of Carmo, turned the city into mourn. The funeral carriage passed through many streets to the burial in the Convent of Ajuda. The people followed the carriage in silence. Her funeral was celebrated solemnly in the Royal Chapel, with a Requiem mass and an Officium for the dead composed and conducted by Marcos Portugal.
It is not known where Nunes Garcia's mother Vitória Maria was buried. But the sorrow of her son would be revealed in his Missa de requiem - Requiem mass and in the Ofício dos defuntos - Officium for the dead, requested by the Ordem Terceira do Carmo to their funeral mass in the memory of the queen. These are regarded today as his two masterpieces.