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Robert Alexander Schumann
1810 - 1856
Germany
Picture Picture Picture Picture
R.A. Schumann Clara Wieck Please visit the Schumann-Netzwerk: www.schumann-portal.de


Robert Schumann (08/10/1810 - 29/07/1856), a German composer, conductor and husband of piano vituosa Clara Wieck (13/09/1819 - 20/05/1896). He was born in Zwickau, died in Endenich (Bonn).
Source:Kees van der Vloed Clara Schumann-Wieck. De pijn van het gemis. Aspekt. Soesterberg 2012
Requiem für Mignon
Period:Early Romanticism
Composed in:1849
Musical form:free
Text/libretto:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Duration:11'41''
In memory of:Mignon from: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre
Label(s):Brilliant Classics 99474
EMI 7 67819 2
RCA RD 69001
Requiem (opus 98b) for soloists, chorus & orchestra. Text from Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832). Composed in 1849, first perfomed in 1850, published in 1851.
Author:Arye Kendi
Picture
J.W. von Goethe
(text)
Requiem
Period:Romanticism
Composed in:1850
Musical form:song
Text/libretto:Nikolaus Lenau
Duration:3'53''
Label(s):Hyperion CDJ 33101
Atma ACD2 2571
Sechs Gedichte and Requiem (1850) opus 90. Poems by Nikolaus Lenau (1802 - 1850), an Hungarian-German poet. Six poems and an additional seventh, the latter, 24 lines, with the title Requiem, opus 90b, subtitled "Altkatholisches Gedicht" (Old-Catholic poem).
Contributor:Arye Kendi
Requiem

Ruh' von schmerzensreichen Mühen
Aus und heißem Liebesglühen!
Der nach seligem Verein
Trug Verlangen,
Ist gegangen
Zu des Heilands Wohnung ein.

Dem Gerechten leuchten helle
Sterne in des Grabes Zelle,
Ihm, der selbst als Stern der Nacht
Wird erscheinen,
Wenn er seinen
Herrn erschaut im Himmelspracht.

Seid Fürsprecher, heil'ge Seelen!
Heil'ger Geist, laß Trost nicht fehlen.
Hörst du? Jubelsang erklingt,
Feiertöne,
Darein die schöne
Engelsharfe singt:

Ruh' von schmerzenreichen Mühen
Aus und heißem Liebesglühen!
Der nach seligem Verein
Trug Verlangen
Ist gegangen
Zu des Heilands Wohnung ein.
Manfred
Period:Romanticism
Composed in:1850
Musical form:melodrama
Text/libretto:Lord Byron
Duration:ca.14'
Manfred (1849/50), a Melodrama (opus 115) for orchestra, choir, soli and speakers. Based on dramatic poem Manfred by Lord Byron (1788-1824). D. Steinbeck adapted an abridged version of G. Suckov's translation. Although Byron's poem ends with "Manfred expires" , Schumann added on his own a closing scene with a cloister's choir intoning the Requiem. Composed apparently in 1849/50. First "staged" in 1852 (by Liszt).
Picture
Lord Byron
(text)
Dies irae
Period:Romanticism
Composed in:1850
Musical form:free
Text/libretto:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Szenen aus Goethes Faust (Oratorio with orchestra, choir, soli) No opus-number. The fourth episode of Part One is the setting of the scene of Gretchen in the Cathedral. This includes in Goethe's text the Dies irae sung by the choir - and set here by Schumann. This section was probably composed during 1849/50. The whole oratorio was finished by 1853, but performed only in 1862 after Schumann's death.
Author:Arye Kendi
Picture
J.W. von Goethe
(text)
Requiem in D minor
Period:Romanticism
Composed in:1852
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:34'44''
In memory of:probably the composer himself
Label(s):Brilliant Classics 99474
EMI 767819 2
RCA RD 69001
Requiem opus148 (1852) for orchestra, choir, soli. A "classical" Latin requiem mass, composed in 1852. Op.148 is the highest number in the Schumann catalogue. He is supposed to have said : "one composes a requiem for himself". However, the work sank into oblivion, it was first performed and recorded in 1976.
Author:Arye Kendi
After the mid-19th century many important settings, including those of Schumann (1851), Moniuszko (1862), Saint-Saëns (1878) and Dvorák (1891), were conceived more in terms of the concert hall, inclining, by their grand scale and, in some cases, textual liberties, towards the oratorio, the most favoured sacred genre of the 19th century.
Author:Steven Chang-Lin Yu