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Jan Dismas Zelenka
1679 - 1745
Czech Republic
Picture
J.D. Zelenka
Jan Dismas Zelenka (16/10/1679 - 23/12/1745), a Bohemian composer, born in Lounovice (Bohemia), who lived and worked mainly in Dresden. The autographs of some of his compositions got lost (or destroyed in the bombing of Dresden) and certain works were preserved, or discovered later only in copies in Prague. His opera includes four requiems (ZWV 45, 46, 48 and 49) and one officium (ZWV 47). ZWV = Zelenka Werken Verzeichnis
Author:Arye Kendi
Contributor:Tassos Dimitriadis (picture)
Requiem in F major
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1730c
Musical form:fragments
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Requiem in F major, ZWV 49 (ca. 1730), contains "Introitus" and "Sequenza", probably before 1730.
Author:Arye Kendi
ZWV 49 Requiem [Referred to as either ZWV 49, ZWV49, Z.49 or Z49]. Key: F. Composed: pre-1730. Type of work: Vocal. [SATB, soli & ch.; 2Vn.; 2Va.; Org.] Category: Requiem or Music for the Offices of the Dead.
Requiem in D minor
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1731c
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:41'46''
In memory of:Emperor Joseph I
Label(s):Passacaille 9528
Supraphon SU0052-2 231
Accent ACC 24244
Requiem in D minor, ZWV 48, a "full" mass, including a "Dies irae". For orchestra, choir, soloists. For the tenth anniversary of the death of Emperor Joseph I (1678-1711). Discovered in 1988. It contains:
1. Introitus :
- Requiem aeternam
- Te decet hymnus
2. Kyrie :
- Kyrie
- Christe
- Kyrie
3. Sequentia :
- Dies Irae
- Quantus tremo
- Tuba mirum
- Mors stupebit
- Liber scriptus
- Judex ergo
- Lacrimosa
4. Offertory :
- Domine Jesu Christe
- Libera eas
- Quam olim
- Hostias, quam olim
5. Sanctus :
- Sanctus
- Osanna
- Benedictus
- Agnus Dei
6. Communio :
- Lux aeterna
- Requiem aeterna
ZWV 48 Requiem [Referred to as either ZWV 48, ZWV48, Z.48 or Z48]. Key: D minor. Composed: c.1730-1732. Type of work: Vocal. [SATB, soli & ch.; 3Trbn.; 2Fl.; 2Ob.; Chal.; 2Bn.; 2Vn.; 2Va.; B.c.] Category: Requiem or Music for the Offices of the Dead. More than one recording has been produced.
Picture
emperor Joseph I
(dedicatee)
Requiem in D major
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1733
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:26'30''
In memory of:King August the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland
Label(s):Supraphon (LP) excerpts only
Requiem in D major, ZWV 46 (1733), for orchestra, choir, and soloists. Written for the death of King August II The Strong (Polish August II Mocny) (12/05/1670 - 01/02/1733) was an influential Polish nobleman and monarch. He also held the titles Elector of Saxony and King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A "full" mass, including a "Dies irae".
Author:Arye Kendi
ZWV 46 Requiem [Referred to as either ZWV 46, ZWV46, Z.46 or Z46]. Key: D. Composed: 1733. Type of work: Vocal. [SATBB, soli; SATB, ch.; 2Tpt.; Timp.; 2Hn.; 2Fl.; 2Ob.; Chal.; 2Vn.; Va.; B.c.] Category: Requiem or Music for the Offices of the Dead.
This Requiem in D (ZWV 46, 1733) contains:
1) Requiem Aeternam [4:10]
2) Te Decet Deus [:21]
3) Exaudi Domine-Kyrie [:39]
4) Christ Eleison [2:39]
5) Kyrie Eleison [1:20]
6) Dies Irae [:32]
7) Quantus Tremor [:22]
8) Tuba Mirum [1:22]
9) Mors Stupebit [:28]
10) Liber Scriptus [2:17]
11) Rex Tremendae [:31]
12) Recordare [4:19]
13) Lacrimosa [1:54]
14) Huic Ergo Parce [1:19]
15) Domine, Jesu Christe, Rex Gloriae [3:39]
16) Sanctus [:38]
17) Pleni Sunt Coeli-Hosanna [1:04]
18) Benedictus [2:44]
19) Hosanna In Excelsis [1:00]
20) Agnus Dei [3:56]
21) Lux Aeternam [:28]
22) Requiem Aeternam [4:09]
Source:booklet of cd Accent ACC 24244
Picture
August II The Strong
(dedicatee)
Officium defunctorum
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1733
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:Latin
In memory of:King August the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland
Label(s):Hyperion CDA 67350
Accent ACC 24244
Not a mass, but an Invitatorum and three Lectiones (Lessons), ZWV 47, each for a different soloist and orchestral ensemble, and several Responses. The three Lectiones are: "Parce mihi, Domine", "Taedet animam vitae meae", "Manus tuae fecerunt me". Also "Regem cui omnia".
Author:Arye Kendi
ZWV 47 Invitatorium, Lectiones (3) et Responsoria (9) (Invitatory, Lessons and Responses) [Referred to as either ZWV 47, ZWV47, Z.47 or Z47]. Key: Various. Composed: 1733. Type of work: Vocal. [SATB, soli & ch.; 2Fl.; 2Ob.; Chal.; 2Vn.; Va.; B.c.] Category: Requiem or Music for the Offices of the Dead.
This Officium defunctorum ZWV 47 (1733) contains:
1) Regem Cui Omnia Vivunt [10:32]
2) Parce Mihi Domine [5:15]
3) Credo Quod Redemptor [2:28]
4) Taedet Animam Vitae Meae [4:01]
5) Qui Lazarum Resuscitasti [4:06]
6) Manus Tuae Fecerunt [4:21]
7) Domine Quando Veneris [4:01]
8) Responde Mihi [1:21]
9) Memento Mei Domine [2:44]
10) Homo Natus De Muliere [1:10]
11) Hei Mihi Domine [2:42]
12) Quis Mihi Hoc Tribuat [1:14]
13) Ne Recordaris Peccata Mea [2:44]
14) Spiritus Meus Attenuabitur [1:01]
15) Peccantem Me Quottidie [3:54]
16) Pelli Meae, Consumptis Carnibus [1:10]
17) Domine Secundum Actum Meum [3:03]
18) Quare De Vulva Eduxisti [1:22]
19) Libera Me Domine [4:06]
Source:booklet of cd Accent ACC 24244
Picture
August II The Strong
(dedicatee)
Requiem in C minor
Period:Baroque
Composed in:1737c
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:36'27''
In memory of:Emperor Joseph I
Label(s):Claves CD 50-8501
Panton 71 0368-2
Metronome MET CD 1082
Requiem in C minor, ZWV 45 (ca. 1737). The requiem (probably from the mid 1730s) is a marvel of concision demanded by the time limit for the event it commemorates - the death of Kaiser Joseph I (1678-1711). Avoiding declamation and keeping the polyphony transparent, the whole mass runs less than 45 minutes and still manages to display Zelenka's personal fingerprints.
Source:www.recordsinternational.com
This requiem (ZWV 45) is for orchestra, choir and soloists. The requiem was found in Prague in the 1980s, first performed in 1984. A "full" mass, including a "Dies irae".
Author:Arye Kendi
ZWV 45 Requiem (attributed to Zelenka. Earliest dated copy: Prague 1763) [Referred to as either ZWV 45, ZWV45, Z.45 or Z45]. Key: C minor. Composed: ?. Type of work: Vocal. [SATB, soli & ch.; 3Trbn.; 2Vn.; Va.; B.c.] Category: Requiem or Music for the Offices of the Dead. More than one recording has been produced.
Picture
emperor Joseph I
(dedicatee)