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Johann Zumsteeg
1760 - 1802
J.R. Zumsteeg
Johann Rudolf [Johann] Zumsteeg (10/01/1760 - 27/01/1802), a German composer and conductor, born in Sachsenflur, Lauda-Königshofen, died in Stuttgart. Zumsteeg championed the operas of Mozart in Stuttgart, staging the first performances there of Die Zauberflöte, Don Giovanni, and Cosi fan tutte. He also was a prolific composer of lieder and ballads. His ballads had a great influence on the young Franz Schubert, who imitated a number of Zumsteeg's as studies (some even in the exact same keys) while he was a teenager. Zumsteeg's received his early education at the Carlschule in Stuttgart. There Zumsteeg became intimate friends with Friedrich Schiller. A setting for Schiller's drama, Die Räuber, 1782, is an example of the type of close collaboration that Zumsteeg undertook with prominent poets. Perhaps the most well-known of Zumsteeg's compositions are the seven volumes of Kleine Lieder und Balladen published by Breitkopf & Härtel between 1800 and 1805. These were highly popular in Germany, remaining well-known until the 1830s. In 1783, Zumsteeg married Luise Andreae with whom he had seven children. During most of his career, Zumsteeg was closely connected to the Swabian court, and in 1791 he was appointed court director of music to fill the vacancy left by C. F. D. Schubart's death. In this capacity, Zumsteeg championed the works of German composers, countering the dominant Italian influence at the court. The last important post he held before his death in 1802 was that of court Konzertmeister.
Period:Early Romanticism
Composed in:1801
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
In memory of:Graf von Zeppelin
Requiem auf den Tod des Grafen Zeppelin (1801).
Author:John S. Sainsbury and Alexandre Étienne Coron
Source:A Dictionary of Musicians, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time