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Guan Xia
1957 -
G. Xia
Guan Xia (30/06/1957), a Chinese composer and Vice Director of China National Symphony Orchestra, was born in 1957 in Kaifeng City, Henan province. Guan Xia graduated from the Central Academy of Music in 1985. In addition to being one of the top living Chinese composers, Maestro Guan is an active member of the All China Composers Association, deputy director of the Young Chinese Musician Council, and is highly in demand for work in China 's growing film music industry. Over the past decades, Maestro Guan has served as Managing Director of the China Opera House, director of the China Eastern Singing and Dancing Troupe and now serves as General Manager and director of the China National Symphony Orchestra. Guan's latest major work, Mulan Join the Army created a nationwide sensation in Beijing at its premier in 2004 at the Poly Theater, Beijing.
Earth requiem
Period:21st century
Composed in:2008
Musical form:free
Text/libretto:Lin Liu, Xiaoming Song
In memory of:the victims of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake
Label(s):Virgin Classics 5099993411929
Earth requiem (2008) contains:
01. Gazing at the stars (16'27)
02. Heavenly earth and wind fire (17'05)
03. Boundless love (15'56)
04. Wings of angels (14'23)
Source:Booklet of CD Virgin Classics

♫ 01. Gazing at the stars
© Virgin 5099993411929

♫ 02. Heavenly earth and wind fire
© Virgin 5099993411929

♫ 03. Boundless love
© Virgin 5099993411929

♫ 04. Wings of angels
© Virgin 5099993411929
The Chinese symphonic tradition dates back only to the late 1920s, while chamber music is an even more recent phenomenon, still largely practised by those Chinese-born composers who hold academic positions in the US. Here, though, we have something even more recent; ‘The first Chinese Requiem ever composed’, to quote the booklet. Whether Guan Xia (b1957), trained and working in China and with an output mostly of film and TV soundtracks to support him, is the right man to launch China into an arena peopled by the likes of Berlioz, Verdi, Brahms or Britten is questionable. Certainly his inspiration was powerful enough. Faced with the appalling catastrophe of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in which, according to the BBC, 87,150 people perished and 4,800,000 were made homeless, he felt compelled to commemorate it in music of equally inconceivable magnitude. While its much-acclaimed ‘gigantic’ scale – an orchestra of 100, a choir of 150 and four soloists – might not seem quite so gigantic alongside the likes of Mahler and Havergal Brian, in terms of Chinese music it is very much charting unexplored territory. He shepherds his forces sparingly, some of the most potent moments coming when the forces are cut down to the bare minimum – a soulful violin solo and a mournful cor anglais in the second movement (subtitled ‘Heavenly Wind and Earth Fire’) and, perhaps the finest moment in the whole work, the opening of the fourth movement (‘Wings of Angels’), in which an improvisatory solo from He Wangjin on the Qiang flute is paired with a distant organ played by Shen Fanxiu. And while the chorus are used in each movement, only in the fourth (their entry coming as a rude shock after the ethereal instrumental opening) are they allowed to flex their collective muscle. Sadly they do so in music which is bland and predictable, more in the nature of a collective paean of praise for communism than a passionate outpouring of grief. Chinese listeners will probably respond more readily to the effusive booklet essay, offering a detailed justification behind every moment of the music, than those in the West, for whom such commentary will serve more as a distraction. But given Michel Plasson’s inspired direction and the exceptionally responsive playing of the China National Symphony Orchestra, the music is given every chance to speak for itself, and there is certainly much to impress in it. One only wishes that Guan could have scaled it down a bit; this is very much a case of less being more.